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08年1-5月发现新星情况  发帖心情 Post By:2008-06-04 21:36:57

V2468 Cyg N2008 01 07.801 19 58 33.39 +29 52 06.5 8.2 I8927 Kaneda
NR TrA N2008 04 01.73 16 18 48.21 -60 27 48.9 9.2 I8931 Brown
V2491 Cyg N2008 04 10.728 19 43 01.96 +32 19 13.8 7.7 I8934 Nishiyama, Kabashima
V5579 Sgr N2008 04 18.784 18 05 58.88 -27 13 56.0 8.4 I8937 Nishiyama, Kabashima
V2670 Oph N2008 05 25.69 17 39 50.93 -23 50 00.9 10.3 I8947 Haseda; Nishiyama, Kabashima; Nishimura

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  发帖心情 Post By:2010-07-07 16:27:22

Nova Hunter's Handbook
新星猎手手册

Prepared by the AAVSO Nova Search Committee
Editor and Chairman
Reverend K. C. Beckmann

A Visual Systematic Search for Novae
Welcome to the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) Nova Search

program. The AAVSO first established the Nova Search Committee in the early 1930's

with the belief that a serious stargazer might contribute to astronomy through a

systematic search for novae in the Milky Way galaxy. The Nova Search Committee

consists of several members of the AAVSO who are interested in and dedicated to

the search for galactic novae.

欢迎访问美国变星协会新星搜索组。上世纪30年代,美国变星协会成立了新星搜索委员会,

为了更严谨地研究并搜索银河系内的新星。新星搜索委员会由几位对新星感兴趣的AAVSO

专家组成。

The systematic search consists of scanning those regions of the Milky Way galaxy

where it is believed that most novae are likely to be observed. These regions have

been divided into areas. Each search area is about 10 degrees in declination and

one hour of right ascension. In total, the current program boasts of 230 different

search areas. Newer areas are identified by a letter accompanying the number.

Additional areas identified with an asterisk are known as "common areas." Common

areas are areas which have a high recurrence of new novae. These areas are

included in an article reprinted later in this work.

为了系统地搜索新星,该计划搜索那些被认为是在银河系中出现概率较高的区域。这些区域被

分割成很多块。每个搜索区域有大约包括赤纬10度,赤经一小时。当前的搜索区域总共包括

230个不同的区域。新确认的区域将在数字后跟随一个字母标示。带*号的表示一些普通区

域,普通区域表示在此区域发现过多颗新星。这些区域发表在另一篇论文里。

Observers are welcome to choose areas of interest to them and encouraged to search

the "common areas" on a regular basis. While it is impossible to cover the entire

sky with a thorough search, the more areas committed to memory or familiarization,

the more chances an observer will have in discovering a nova.

观测者可以按照自己的兴趣去搜索各个区域,并欢迎搜索那些普通区域。总之不可能去搜索整

个天空,所以你搜索的面积越大,发现的机会就越多。

Ten by fifty millimeter binoculars serve as standard optical equipment for the

nova search program. We also suggest access to the field or desk edition of

Tiron's Sky Atlas 2000.0. Along with a small flashlight and this copy of "The Nova

Hunter's Handbook," a beginner will be ready for novae searching the Milky Way

skies.

对于搜索新星,10*50毫米的双筒是基本的光学设备,当然还需要星图供野外使用。再加

一个小手电,就可以开始搜索新星了。(说的容易)

It is also helpful to locate areas to be searched in a star atlas and duplicate

the area, usually by placing a piece of tracing paper over the specific area. When

drawing the area, an observer should include one degree outside the boundaries. An

observer should trace star images in pencil and then compare them with another

atlas or the sky, to correct or adjust the images drawn. Once these steps have

been taken, the traced copies may become the master maps which the observer uses

in his/her search for novae.
把将要搜索的天区在星图上定位并复制这一区域是有帮助的,通常是通过把一张描图纸覆盖在
特定的区域来做。描画这片区域的时候,应该包括边界线之外的一度范围。观测者应该用铅笔

来描画星像,然后将其与另外的星图或天空比较来修改或调整你画的星像。这些步骤都做完之

后,这张描画的星图拷贝就是你进行新星搜索的时候主要用的星图了。

Each month the nova hunter is asked to prepare an observer's report and to mail it

to the AAVSO Nova Search Committee no later than the tenth of the month following

the month in which the observations were made. The Committee will catalogue and

archive observations for future reference. Each observer should take special care

to complete the nova search report (NSR) included in this book. The report

acknowledges areas searched, date and time (Universal Date and Time) of the

search, as well as the limiting magnitude. You may request additional NSR forms

from the Nova Search Committee or AAVSO Headquarters.
每个月新星搜索者都要做观测记录并发送到AAVSO新星搜索委员会,不要晚于所作观测的月份

的下个月的十号。委员会会将报告存档以备以后查询。观测者应该注意完成本书中带的新星搜

索报告(NSR)。报告包括搜索天区、搜索日期和时间(世界时)和极限星等。你可以向新星

搜索委员会或AAVSO总部请求更多的表格。

Should an observer discover a nova, he/she should contact a verifier. "Verifiers"

are those seasoned amateurs and professionals who are experienced in verifying the

existence of novae. Once a discovery has been established, the information on the

probable nova (its position, brightness, etc.) and its discoverer should be sent

to AAVSO Headquarters. From there, the AAVSO sends the information to the Central

Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where the probable

nova is confirmed or denied and credit for the nova discovery is publicly

announced in the International Astronomical Union Circular. Later the discovery

appears in the AAVSO Alert Notices and other works.
假如观测者发现了新星,他应该联系一个验证者。“验证者”应该是经验丰富的爱好者或者是

熟于验证新星是否存在的专家。一旦发现被确定,可能的新星的信息(位置、亮度等)和发现

者信息应该寄往AAVSO总部。AAVSO会将信息发送到剑桥和马萨诸塞州的天文电报中心局,他们

将会确认或否认可能的新星,发现新星的名誉会在国际天文学联合会的通告中被公示。然后这

项发现会出现在AAVSO警报通知和其他作品中。

To date, several AAVSO members have visually discovered one or more galactic

novae, including: Dr. Bernard Dawson discovered Nova Puppis 1942; Manfred Durk?

falden independently discovered Nova Cygni 1975; Warren Morrison discovered Nova

Cygni 1978; Peter Collins discovered Nova Vulpeculae 1984 No.2 and Nova Cygni

1992, he also independently discovered Nova Cygni 1978 and Nova Vulpeculae 1987;

Reverend Beckmann independently discovered Nova Cygni 1978, Nova Aquilae 1982, and

Nova Vulpeculae 1987; Alfredo Pereira independently discovered Nova Aquilae 1999

No.2; Gary Nowak independently discovered Nova Aquilae 1999 No.2. Several other

AAVSO members have photographically discovered novae, including Robert McNaught,

Ben Mayer, and William Liller.
迄今,几位AAVSO的成员已经目视发现了一颗或几颗银河新星,包括,Bernard Dawson博士发

现船尾座新星1942;Manfred Durk独立发现了天鹅座新星1975;Warren Morrison发现了天鹅

座新星1978;Peter Collins发现了狐狸座新星1984 2号和天鹅座新星1992,他也独立发现了

天鹅座新星1978和狐狸座新星1987;Reverend Beckmann独立发现了天鹅座新星1978、天鹰座

新星1982和狐狸座新星1987;Alfredo Pereira独立发现了天鹰座新星1999 2号。几位其他

AAVSO成员已经照相发现了新星,包括Robert McNaught,Ben Mayer, 和William Liller。

Two articles about visual nova hunting which appeared in other AAVSO publications

have been reprinted here. Each article describes the spirit of a nova hunter's

search. Nova searching may require years of diligent search and fine-tuning of

one's skills. We believe this handbook will help a new observer become acquainted

with the Nova Search Program.
两篇在其他AAVSO杂志上的有关新星搜索的文章复印在这里。每篇都介绍了新星搜索的精要。

新星搜索可能需要很多年的勤奋努力的观测和一个人协调的技能。我们相信这本手册会帮助一

位新观测者了解新星搜索项目。

Books to read about visual nova hunting include: The Cambridge Guide to

Astronomical Discovery by Bill Liller (Cambridge University Press, New York, NY

1992); New Horizons in Amateur Astronomy by Grant Fjermedal (Perigee Book, New

York, NY 1989); The Cambridge Astronomy Guide by Bill Liller and Ben Mayer

(Cambridge University Press, New York, NY 1985); and Ghost Ships in the Night by

Ken Beckmann (Lewiston Press, Lewiston, MI 1994). Additional articles on the

discovery of nova and visual nova hunting may be found in two international

periodicals, Astronomy Magazine and Sky & Telescope Magazine.


If after reading this handbook and initiating your search for nova, you believe

you may have discovered a nova, we encourage you to contact the AAVSO at American

Association of Variable Star Observers, 25 Birch Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts

02138, phone (617) 354-0484, fax (617) 354-0665 or contact via email at

aavso@aavso.org.


While there are no guarantees that an observer will ever discover a nova, a

systematic search for novae in the Milky Way galaxy will increase one's chances

many fold. We hope that those who read this handbook will be successful in their

endeavors to discover a new star in the heavens.

More of the Nova Handbook
"A Spirit of Search" by Kenneth C. Beckmann, reprint from the Journal of the

AAVSO, Vol.10, No.1, 1981.

"One Man's Nova Patrol" by Peter L. Collins, reprint from the Journal of the

AAVSO, Vol.7, No.2, 1978-1979.

Search Area Location Charts

Nova Search Report Form


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  发帖心情 Post By:2011-11-26 21:38:50

添加以下1988年-2011年每月新星的高发区 以下统计亮度均亮于10等

一月:Cir
Nor
Oph * 2
Cen
Cyg
Sgr
二月:Sgr * 5
Cyg * 2
Aql
Cen
Cyg
Oph
Sco * 2
三月: Her
Sgr * 6
Nor
Cyg
四月:Oph * 3
Cen
Sgr * 4
Cyg
Tra
Sco
五月:Sco
Aql
Vel
Cen
六月:Oph * 2
Sco
Nor
七月:Sgr * 4
Aql
Sco * 2
八月:Sco * 3
Sct
Sgr * 3
Cas
Cru
Cir
Cyg
Cen
Vul
Pup
九月:Lup
Sgr * 4
Mus
Sco
十月:Sgr * 3
Sco
Cen
Cir
Sct
十一月:Pup * 2
Car
Eir
Sgr
十二月:Pup
Cas
Mus
Aql
Vul


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  发帖心情 Post By:2014-02-24 10:41:57

Galactic Novae in 2014

Name(s)PositionDiscoveryPeakDisc. RefNotes
V745 Sco17 55 22.27
-33 14 58.5
2014-02-069.0CBET 3803E-Nova, Swift
Nova Sgr 2014
PNV J18250860-2236024
18 25 08.60
-22 36 02.4
2014-01-268.7CBET 3802E-Nova, Swift

Galactic Novae in 2013

Name(s)PositionDiscoveryPeakDisc. RefNotes
V1369 Cen
Nova Cen 2013
PNV J13544700-5909080
13 54 45.34
-59 09 04.2
2013-12-023.3CBET 3732, IAUC 9265LAT transient, Swift
V556 Ser
Nova Ser 2013
PNV J18090346-1112345
18 09 03.46
-11 12 34.5
2013-11-2411.7CBET 3724, IAUC 9264E-Nova
V1830 Aql
Nova Aql 2013
PNV J19023335+0315190
19 02 33.35
+03 15 19.0
2013-10-2813.5CBET 3691, IAUC 9263
(see also CBET3708)
astrosurf
V339 Del
Nova Del 2013
PNV J20233073+2046041
20 23 30.73
+20 46 04.1
2013-08-144.3CBET 3628, IAUC 9258LAT transient, Swift, SMARTS,astrosurf, E-Nova
V1533 Sco
Nova Sco 2013
PNV J17335943-3606216
17 33 59.43
-36 06 21.6
2013-06-0311.3CBET 3542,3556SMARTS, E-Nova
V809 Cep
Nova Cep 2013
PNV J23080471+6046521
23 08 04.71
+60 46 52.1
2013-02-029.8CBET 3397Swift, astrosurf, E-Nova

Galactic Novae in 2012

Name(s)PositionDiscoveryPeakDisc. RefNotes
V1724 Aql
Nova Aql 2012
PNV J18523496-0018423
18 52 34.96
-00 18 42.3
2012-10-2011.2CBET 3273,3287SMARTS
V959 Mon
Nova Mon 2012
PNV J06393874+0553520
06 39 38.74
+05 53 52.0
2012-08-099.4 ?CBET 3202LAT transient; Swift, SMARTS,astrosurf, E-Nova
V5593 Sgr
Nova Sgr 2012 #5
PSN J18193700-1907400
18 19 36.94
-19 17 40.2
2012-07-1612.2CBET 3182,3184SMARTS, astrosurf
V5592 Sgr
Nova Sgr 2012 #4
PNV J18202726-2744263
18 20 27.24
-27 44 27.0
2012-07-077.7CBET 3166,3177Swift, SMARTS, astrosurf, E-Nova
V5591 Sgr
Nova Sgr 2012 #3
PNV J17522579-2126215
17 52 25.79
-21 26 21.5
2012-06-269.0CBET 3156SMARTS, astrosurf
V1324 Sco
Nova Sco 2012
17 50 53.90
-32 37 20.5
2012-05-229.0CBET 3136LAT transient; Swift, SMARTS,astrosurf, E-Nova
V2677 Oph
Nova Oph 2012 #2
PNV J17395600-2447420
17 39 57.0
-24 47 07.3
2012-05-199.5CBET 3124SMARTS, astrosurf, E-Nova
V5590 Sgr
Possible Nova Sgr 2012 #2
PNV J18110375-2717276
18 11 03.76
-27 17 30.2
2012-05-0812.5CBET 3140Symbiotic?!?; SMARTS
OGLE-2012-NOVA-0117 56 49.39
-27 13 28.2
2012-05-0212.5 (I)ATel 4323
V5589 Sgr
Nova Sgr 2012
PNV J17452791-2305213
17 45 28.02
-23 05 22.72
2012-04-219.0CBET 3089Swift, SMARTS, astrosurf, E-Nova
Nova Cen 2012 #2?
TCP J14250600-5845360
14 25 06
-58 45 36
2012-04-049 SMARTS, Spectra
V2676 Oph
Nova Oph 2012
PNV J17260708-2551454
17 26 07.02
-25 51 42.5
2012-03-2510.9CBET 3072Swift, SMARTS, astrosurf, E-Nova
V1368 Cen
Nova Cen 2012
PNV J13410800-5815470
13 41 09.36
-58 15 16.9
2012-03-238.4CBET 3073Swift, SMARTS
V834 Car
TCP J10502000-6406480
10 50 20
-64 06 48
2012-02-2610.5CBET 3040; IAUC 9251SMARTS

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